金閣寺 (Golden Pavilion), Kyoto, Japan
Kinkaku-ji (the Golden Pavilion) is probably the most famous temple of Japan. Two of its three stories are fully covered of gold. On July 2, 1950, at 2:30 am, the pavilion was burned down by a 22-year-old novice monk, who then attempted suicide. It has been fully restored since, and now rests on the middle of a zen garden.